soil fertility management for sustainable crop production

Pellegrino, E.; Piazza, G.; Arduini, I.; Ercoli, L. Field Inoculation of Bread Wheat with. INTRODUCTION. In. Received: 20 August 2020 / Accepted: 31 August 2020 / Published: 8 September 2020, (This article belongs to the Special Issue. State the advantages and disadvantages of each method of soil fertility. Ethiopia stakeholders’ workshop: Transforming soil health and fertility management for sustainable increased agricultural productivity. Soil testing is essential for the assessment of nutrient levels, and it is often required for organic certification. ; Johnston, A.E. Because of the projected increase in world population and the consequent necessity for the intensification of food production, the management of soils will become increasingly important in the coming years. This research received no external funding. Significant progress in enhancing nutrient-use efficiency in production agriculture requires improved estimates of plant-available nutrients in the root zone, enhanced crop response to applied nutrients, and reduced offsite nutrient transport. Sustainable crop farmers include growers of vegetables, fruit, flowers, grains, nuts, fiber (like cotton) or any other farmed plant. In other to avoid rapid degradation of soils, appropriate methods, which serve to prevent erosion and compaction, are used. Cover crops may be an off-season crop planted after harvesting the cash crop. Effects of Integrated Soil Fertility Management on Sustainable Crop Production Hintsa Meresa Zelalem Mengistu Misene Bisetegn Collage of Agriculture, Department of Plant science, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia.P. You seem to have javascript disabled. Nutrients applied in excess of crop requirements increase residual nutrient reserves that, if not utilized or recovered in subsequent crops, may result in offsite transport and contribute to degradation of environmental quality [, Using the QUEFTS model (Quantitative Evaluation of the Fertility of Tropical Soils), Xie et al. Cover crops contribute to overall soil health by catching nutrients before they can leach out of the soil profile, or by adding nitrogen to the soil, as is the case with legumes. One of the good agricultural practices (GAPs) associated with CA is integrated soil fertility management (ISFM), which essentially depends on locally adapted CA principles and practices to build-up soil health, allowing producers to reduce the use of fertilisers, while sustaining good and stable yields and increasing profitability. Combining organic and mineral inputs has been advocated as a sound management principle for smallholder farming in the tropics because neither of the two inputs is usually available in sufficient quantities and because both inputs are needed in the long run to sustain soil fertility and crop production. van de Wiel, C.C.M. This means that factors such as cost (amendments, fuel, and equipment) must be evaluated for their contribution to increased yields. Understanding these processes and interactions is essential to optimizing plant nutrient availability and minimizing nutrient losses to the environment. ; Khan, A.; Khan, M.I. nutrient use efficiency; nutrient management; rhizosphere; soil fertility; nutrient cycling; soil testing; plant analysis, Responses to Land Degradation, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Land Degradation and Desertification, Khon Kaen, Thailand, 25 January 1999, Food, Fuel, and Plant Nutrient Use in the Future, Soil Fertility and Nutrient Management: An Introduction to Nutrient Management, Phosphorus: Agriculture and the Environment. Wang, X.; Liu, S.; Yin, X.; Bellaloui, N.; Winings, J.H. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal, © 1996-2020 MDPI (Basel, Switzerland) unless otherwise stated. Soil fertility decline is a big issue in the Agriculture of Ethiopia, because a large proportion of the population (85%) live on it but these much population does not satisfy a reliable production from the agriculture, instead a decline in their crop yield are letting them to suffer from poverty and malnutrition. Beef cattle production in the United States relies upon forage crops, and the sustainability of a forage-based livestock system also depends highly on proper soil fertility management. For example, struvite (MgNH, While not directly related to nutrient application, ensuring that soil chemical properties are maintained at levels suitable for optimum production is critical. Highlights of some existing soil resource management strategies for the enhancement of effective crop production systems are provided with respect to South Western Nigeria. 2016). This approach enhances sustainable soil fertility management for optimum crop production in the country. ; Vivanco, J.M. Crop Rotations (UT) - Fact sheet on using crop rotations to enhance soil quality, soil fertility and aid in pest management. This special issue, Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production, presents 15 manuscripts that advance our knowledge of interrelated soil, plant, and management factors important to increasing the nutrient availability and crop recovery of applied nutrients. [. Since nearly all of the global land area suitable for agricultural production is currently under... 2. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journals are solely ; Tisdale, S.L. Talboys, P.; Heppell, J.; Roose, T.; Healey, J.; Jones, D.; Withers, P. Struvite: A slow-release fertiliser for sustainable phosphorus management? Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, You can make submissions to other journals. With over 50% of global soils degraded, and with some regions approaching 70%, anthropogenic land degradation threatens our ability to meet food and fiber demand in the 21st century [, Many of the same biological, chemical, and physical soil properties affected by onsite soil degrading processes also impact soil fertility and nutrient availability to plants. Specific importance in the chapter is also given to the role of organic matter in maintaining good soil fertility vis-à-vis ensuring good and healthy soil structure. ; Palta, J.A. Vol. Improving nutrient use efficiency will include enhancing the ability of plants to acquire nutrients... 3. It compensates nutrient removals and losses, as well as helps maintain soil fertility by increasing crop yields and thus crop residues left in the fields (mainly root stubbles and belowground biomass) (Yang and Janssen, 1997). Manure is most, effectively used in combination with other sustainable and organic farming practices such as crop rotation, cover cropping, green manuring, and liming. The goal of soil nutrient management is to sustainably produce profitable crops. Głowacka, A.; Szostak, B.; Klebaniuk, R. Effect of Biogas Digestate and Mineral Fertilisation on the Soil Properties and Yield and Nutritional Value of Switchgrass Forage. 1 (2005): Ife Journal of Agriculture. Soil fertility and nutrient management is one of the important factors that have a direct impact on crop yield and quality. In. A wise farmer/rancher will care for the soil because he knows that man is dependent on the top 6 inches (15.2 centimeters) of soil. Wang, L.; Coulter, J.A. Song, L.; Wang, S.; Ye, W. Establishment and Application of Critical Nitrogen Dilution Curve for Rice Based on Leaf Dry Matter. First, many organic inputs (such as cover crops, crop residues, manure, and compost) are added to the soil for reasons other than fertility management, yet they contribute to the pool of nutrients in the soil. Gomiero, T. Soil Degradation, Land Scarcity and Food Security: Reviewing a Complex Challenge. Affordable ; Nelson, W.L. Integrated soil fertility management (67% organic fertilizer + 33% inorganic fertilizer) was found to be most economically viable option to farmers as well as reducing soil … ; Khiari, L.; Gallichand, J.; Joseph, C.A. From cycling nutrients to reducing erosion to breaking compaction, cover crops offer a host of benefits to soil and fertility. Background 1 2. For example, addition of twice the amount of fertilizer may not double the yield of the crop. ; Xie, J.; Luo, Z.; Li, L.; Carberry, P.; Li, Q.; Deng, X. Mulching-Induced Changes in Tuber Yield and Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Potato in China: A Meta-Analysis. Healthy soil is the foundation for profitable, productive, and environmentally sound agricultural systems. ; Chen, Z.; Maitah, M. Unveiling the Efficiency of Vermicompost Derived from Different Biowastes on Wheat (. It also includes nutrient management case studies. Soil management is the foundation of agriculture and essential to sustainable forage and beef production. Han, Y.; Ma, W.; Zhou, B.; Yang, X.; Salah, A.; Li, C.; Cao, C.; Zhan, M.; Zhao, M. Effects of Straw-Return Method for the Maize–Rice Rotation System on Soil Properties and Crop Yields. Therefore, soil management has a special place in terms of fertilizer usage efficiency. Plant Factors. Sustainable crop production reintegrates this cycle, using animal manure, compost and other natural fertilizers to improve soil health and ecosystem-based pest controls instead of chemical pesticides. and R.H. contributed to organizing the special issue, editorial work, and writing this editorial. ; Scholten, O.E. Please note that many of the page functionalities won't work as expected without javascript enabled. Gad, N.; Sekara, A.; Abdelhamid, M.T. Animals and plants show physical symptoms but the soil must be Monogr, Help us to further improve by taking part in this short 5 minute survey, Rootstock Effect on Physico-Chemical and Nutritional Quality of Mandarin ‘Clemenules’ during the Harvest Season, Maize Grain Composition with Additions of NPK Briquette and Organically Enhanced N Fertilizer, Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Eswaran, H.; Lal, R.; Reich, P.F. Improving phosphorus use efficiency in agriculture: Opportunities for breeding. Bacterial Bio Fertilizers. Lisuma, J.; Mbega, E.; Ndakidemi, P. Influence of Tobacco Plant on Macronutrient Levels in Sandy Soils. 21 No. ; Tsujimoto, Y.; Rakotoarisoa, N.M. Optimizing the Phosphorus Concentration and Duration of Seedling Dipping in Soil Slurry for Accelerating the Initial Growth of Transplanted Rice. The 15 manuscripts in the Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production special issue communicate results of soil- and nutrient-management research that advance our ability to quantify soil nutrient reserves, enhance nutrient availability, and maximize soil and crop productivity. Maintenance of soil fertility at the economically optimal level with appropriate source of fertilizers combination is essential for sustainable crop production. In agriculture, cover crops are plants that are planted to cover the soil rather than for the purpose of being harvested.Cover crops manage soil erosion, soil fertility, soil quality, water, weeds, pests, diseases, biodiversity and wildlife in an agroecosystem—an ecological system managed and shaped by humans. Oo, A.Z. By understanding how the soil processes that support plant growth and regulate environmental quality are affected by management practices, it is possible to design a crop and soil management system that improves and maintains soil health over time. Outline the various methods of soil fertility management. ; Agyin-Birikorang, S.; Singh, U.; Sanabria, J.; Mengistu, A. Maize Grain Composition with Additions of NPK Briquette and Organically Enhanced N Fertilizer. Karlen et al . The authors declare no conflict of interest. [, The development of biofertilizers containing organic waste material has been demonstrated to enhance nutrient availability to plants [, With increasing global population, animal and biosolid wastes provide substantial resources for nutrient recycling in agriculture. Sustenance of soil management in the country therefore entails wise use and maximization of soil resources for optimum soil and crop productivity. 36. Vaneeckhaute, C.; Janda, J.; Vanrolleghem, P.; Tack, F.; Meers, E. Phosphorus use efficiency in bio-based fertilizers: A bio-availability and fractionation study. For example, Sakai et al. Natural animal raising. With the ever rising population in Nigeria and consequent need for more food, it is essential to employ a holistic approach embracing integration of plant nutrition management system with other crop production practices/inputs. ; van der Linden, C.G. Soil Workshop Proceedings 5 and 6 November 2015 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, pp. Sims, J.T. Regulation and function of root exudates. Dupré, R.L.C. Soil fertility improvement is sustained by effective soil characterization and testing, use of improved fallows, planting of legumes and cover crops, efficient fertilizer use and management, adoption of low input technology involving use of organic fertilizer and supplementation with inorganic fertilizer, use of agro-minerals, alley farming, bio-fertilization, etc. Fuentes-Ramirez, L.E. Introduction. Increasing crop productivity per unit of land area to meet future food and fiber demand increases both soil nutrient removal and the importance of replenishing soil fertility through efficient nutrient management practices. Multi-Factor Diagnostic and Recommendation System for Boron in Neutral and Acidic Soils. The environment if the cost of additional fertilizer will be repaid by the predicted additional yield site-specific! From MDPI journals, you can make submissions to other journals © 1996-2020 (. Study aimed to determine farmers ' perception of integrated soil fertility and aid pest! The meaning of soil nutrient management for sustainable crop production it does indicate. Of fertilizers used to supplement essential nutrients for plants Yin, X. ; Liu S.... Provides allows you to learn more about MDPI and environmentally sound agricultural systems crop yield while balancing the benefits. 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